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Quba-Khacmaz

Quba-Khacmaz

  Thanks to its favorable location and rich infrastructure, Guba region is one of the favorite places for tourists. Visitors have long chosen the place Gyachresh, where you can relax in a shady forest, Tengealtyn gorge, where the river Velvelichai carries stormy waters, the famous Afurdzhin waterfall, included in the list of “Natural Monuments of Azerbaijan”. Part of the Guba territory is occupied by the Shahdag National Park – the largest in Azerbaijan.
On the territory of the region there is a unique high-mountainous village Khinalig, located at an altitude of 2500 m above sea level. The population of the village constitutes a separate ethnographic group with its own language. There are about 380 houses in the village, which are 200-300 years old. Khinalig residents have kept their traditional way of life. Since the villagers are mainly engaged in sheep breeding, weaving is widespread here. The village of Khinalig is known not only for its ancient traditions, but also for the fact that in these parts they saw … Bigfoot. However, you can ask an eyewitness about this yourself – the hunter Babaali Babaaliev, if you are in this area.
Not far from Khinalig there is another original mountain village – Gryz. The famous village of Krasnaya Sloboda is also located in Guba, in which one of the largest communities of Mountain Jews in the world lives.
Guba is also famous for its apples, which have become its symbol: more than 40 of their varieties grow here. In addition, Guba is a recognized center of carpet weaving. Local residents are convinced that traditional Guba carpets – Chichi, Ag Gul, Pirabadil – are the best in Azerbaijan.
At one time Guba was visited by the famous French writer Alexander Dumas, the writer Bestuzhev-Marlinsky, the famous Norwegian scientist-traveler Thor Heyerdahl.
Many architectural monuments have survived in the vicinity of the city: the Juma Mosque, the 16th century mausoleum, the Sakine-khanum mosque, and ancient baths. The city has a historical museum, a house-museum of the educator, writer and public figure of the 19th century A. Bakikhanov.
Guba-Khachmaz region of all administrative districts of the republic with mountainous relief, is the closest to Baku – 70 km. The climate here is warm and temperate, with little precipitation. The eastern part of the region is the Caspian coast.
On the way to Khizi, 10 km. An interesting natural phenomenon can be observed from the BAKU-ROSTOV highway: the outcrops of various layers of geological rocks on the surface of the hills form a landscape of a very peculiar color. Experts say that a similar geological phenomenon can be observed only in one more place on Earth – in Death Valley, USA.
Here, in the Khizi region, there is one of the most beautiful nature reserves – “ALTYAGACH”. 90% of its territory is occupied by forests, and a reserve has been created to restore and prevent erosion processes on the southeastern slopes of the Greater Caucasus and preserve rare species of animals and plants. Here, in AltyAgach, during the reign of the Shirvanshahs, there was one of the caravan camps. And since “agach” (“tree” – Azerb.) Was once one of the measures of distance (7 km.), In translation this name means “6 agach”, that is, 42 km., Which equals distance from here to the city of SHAMAKH. Once there was an ancient caravan road connecting Shemakha with Derbent. To this day, hiking enthusiasts make transitions from here towards MARAZA and SHAMAKH.
In the Khyzi region, there is also a hunting reserve YASHMA (not far from the city of Sumgait), the area of ​​which is 4 hectares. Hunting for waterfowl and fishing is possible on its territory.

 

  You can get acquainted with the history and nature of the Khachmaz region in the local history and local history museum, operating since 1981, which in 2013 moved to a new modern building on Heydar Aliyev Avenue in the city of Khachmaz. The museum has a large number of exhibits of interest to tourists, reflecting the ancient history and cultural heritage of both the Khachmaz region and the entire country as a whole. Currently, about 5000 exhibits are collected here, more than 2000 of which are on display, and another 2800 are stored in museum funds. During archaeological expeditions on the territory of the Khachmaz region, 28 ancient burial mounds related to the ancient Turks, about 4 thousand years old, were discovered. In the halls of the museum, you can see a faience jug dating back to the 1st millennium BC, discovered during excavations in the village of Ledzhet, Khachmaz region. Khachmaz is especially proud of its parks, which cannot be found even in the capital. Lined with grandiose sculptural compositions, breathtaking fountains, seated with exotic plants, Khachmaz parks are able to surprise even the discerning guests of this town full of surprises. A feature of the park is that it is located on both sides of Baku Avenue. Given the excessive traffic of cars on Baku Avenue, in order to ensure the free and safe movement of people, two ground pedestrian bridges with a length of 24 meters decorated with a special mosaic were built. The attention of tourists in the park is attracted by magnificent sculptures, fountains and large stone gazebos, skillfully laid out with mosaics. One of the fountains is made in the form of a huge samovar 12 meters high with a glass into which water flows. Another fountain depicts a teapot hanging in the air with water flowing from it, symbolizing tea. This wonderful drink, without which it is difficult to imagine life in the East, occupies a prominent place in the culture of Azerbaijan. And it is no coincidence that sculptural compositions playing on the theme of tea appeared in Khachmaz. Here in one of the mounds in the village of Dzhanakhir in 1982, one of the first samovars found in the territory of Azerbaijan was discovered, dating back to the III-II centuries. BC. Together with him, a traditional oil lamp was found, which is also immortalized in one of the sculptures of this park. And finally, the sculptural string of symbols of Azerbaijan is completed by the sculpture of an elegant jug installed in the park, in which pink water is usually kept (gulab). The ancient city of Khudat, located in the Khachmaz region, at the beginning of the 18th century was the capital of the Guba Khanate and a well-fortified outpost. In 1735, due to the transfer of the residence of the ruler of the khanate, Fatali Khan, from Khudat to Guba, the city lost its significance. In the depths of the Khudat land there are significant reserves of drinking water. From here, from the village of Shollar, the famous Shollar water pipeline originates, which was put into operation in 1917 and still plays an important role in providing the capital of Azerbaijan with drinking water. In the village of Shikhlar, the Sheikh Yusif Mosque (XV century) has been preserved – one of the earliest monuments of the group of mausoleums, which became widespread in the construction of the XVI-XVII centuries. The ruins of the Gyaurgala fortress are preserved on the top of Mount Galadag.

The Khachmaz region is rich in sights, historical monuments have survived to this day, such as: mosques of the XIX century in the villages of Morug-oba, Uzun-oba, Tagar-oba, the mosque-madrasah of Shah Abbas of the XV-XVI centuries in the village of Garagurtlu, ancient settlements and burial mounds, dating back to the Bronze Age near the villages of Mollabyurkhan, Khyulovlu, Garadzhik, Hasangala, medieval settlements near the villages of Dzhanakhir, Bostanchi. In the village of Shikhlar, the Sheikh Yusif Mosque (15th century) has been preserved – one of the earliest monuments of the group of mausoleums, which became widespread in the construction of the 16th – 17th centuries. The ruins of the Gyaurgala fortress are preserved on the top of Mount Galadag. Of interest are the railway station and water tower built at the beginning of the 20th century (1900-1903). Khachmaz is very famous for its carpet weaving. One of the ancient fortress cities of Khudat, which was part of the Guba Khanate, has been preserved here.
During archaeological expeditions on the territory of the Khachmaz region, 28 ancient burial mounds related to the ancient Turks, about 4 thousand years old, were discovered.
In the halls of the museum, you can see a faience jug dating back to the 1st millennium BC, discovered during excavations in the village of Ledzhet, Khachmaz region.
Among the exhibits of the museum are also a bronze arrowhead, bone needles, stone tools, clay jugs of the 1st century BC-1st century AD, belonging to the Albanian period of history, a clay ritual object of the Zoroastrian period, copper dishes, a large number of clay products VI-V centuries, earthenware crockery of the XII-XIII centuries. etc.
Visitors are interested in the corner of numismatics, where samples of coins and banknotes from various historical periods are collected: the Great Atabeks of Azerbaijan of the 12th century, Shirvanshah Manuchekhra of the 12th century, Ganja of the 17th century, etc.
The culture section showcases various works of art, in particular carpets and ornaments. Also noteworthy is the small-sized silverware called “40 Achar” (“40 keys”), on which the craftsman engraved 40 different Muslim prayers in Arabic.
Seirangakh of Heydar Aliyev
Khachmaz is especially proud of its parks, which cannot be found even in the capital. Lined with grandiose sculptural compositions, breathtaking fountains, seated with exotic plants, Khachmaz parks are able to surprise even the discerning guests of this town full of surprises.
One of the most favorite recreation places for residents and guests of Khachmaz is a huge park with a length of 2 km and a total area of ​​about 5 hectares, named Seirangakh of Heydar Aliyev. All conditions have been created here for a good rest for residents and guests of the area. A feature of the park is that it is located on both sides of Baku Avenue. Given the excessive traffic of cars on Baku Avenue, in order to ensure the free and safe movement of people, two ground pedestrian bridges with a length of 24 meters decorated with a special mosaic were built.
The attention of tourists in the park is attracted by magnificent sculptures, fountains and large stone gazebos, skillfully laid out with mosaics.
One of the fountains is made in the form of a huge samovar 12 meters high with a cup into which water flows. Another fountain depicts a teapot hanging in the air with water flowing from it, symbolizing tea. This wonderful drink, without which it is difficult to imagine life in the East, occupies a prominent place in the culture of Azerbaijan. And it is no coincidence that sculptural compositions playing on the theme of tea appeared in Khachmaz. Here in one of the mounds in the village of Dzhanakhir in 1982, one of the first samovars found in the territory of Azerbaijan was discovered, dating back to the III-II centuries. BC. Together with him, a traditional oil lamp was found, which is also immortalized in one of the sculptures of this park. And finally, the sculptural string of symbols of Azerbaijan is completed by the sculpture of an elegant jug installed in the park, in which rose water (gulab) is usually kept.
Well, as in any park, there are many cafes, teahouses, restaurants, cozy benches and alleys that attract the emerald freshness of manicured lawns.
Chenlibel Park
Another of the notable Hamaz parks – Chenlibel, got its name in honor of the place where the hero of the folk epic Koroglu settled, who led the popular struggle against unjust rulers. The central figure of the park is the monument to Koroglu on horseback and with a sword in hand. The walls in the park also feature frescoes depicting various scenes from folk epic and history.
In the park, which was set up in 2008 on an area of ​​5 hectares, children will not be bored here either: to the delight of the kids, there are many different merry-go-rounds and swings, colorful sculptural compositions are installed everywhere. Here is a shepherd with a flock of sheep, nearby a flock of ducks on the grass, next to a giraffe, a funny cow, the figure of the fairytale hero Shrek. A flock of white swans froze in a pond with an artificial waterfall. The fountain in the shape of a crane, as if hanging in the air, also attracts attention.
The park is full of comfortable benches and shady gazebos.
Khudat – a walled city
The ancient city of Khudat, located in the Khachmaz region, at the beginning of the 18th century was the capital of the Guba Khanate and a well-fortified outpost. In 1735, due to the transfer of the residence of the ruler of the khanate, Fatali Khan, from Khudat to Guba, the city lost its significance. In the bowels of the Khudat land, there are significant reserves of drinking water. From here, from the village of Shollar, the famous Shollar water pipeline originates, which was put into operation in 1917 and still plays an important role in providing the capital of Azerbaijan with drinking water.
While in Khudat, be sure to visit the thermal baths, where you can take healing baths with hot mineral water from the bowels of the earth.
More than 60 monuments of history and culture have been preserved in the region. Among them: the mosque-madrasah of Shah Abbas (XV-XVI centuries) in the village of Garagurdlu, mosques of the XIX century in the villages of Morug-oba, Uzun-oba, Tagar-oba, ancient settlements and burial mounds dating back to the Bronze Age near the settlements of Mollabyurkhan, Khyulovlu , Garajik, Hasangala, etc.
In the village of Shikhlar, the Sheikh Yusif Mosque (XV century) has been preserved – one of the earliest monuments of the group of mausoleums, which became widespread in the construction of the XVI-XVII centuries. The ruins of the Gyaurgala fortress are preserved on the top of Mount Galadag.

This cuisine is original and has its own national flavor, manifested in the specificity of culinary techniques and traditions of the Azerbaijani feast. In terms of the composition and the number of dishes, it is one of the extremely diverse and healthy ones, and is distinguished by an abundance of all kinds of meat, fish and vegetable delicacies, complemented by delicate herbs and piquant spices.
The region is rich in fresh fish and other food products. “Lip tikhmasi” is the most famous dish in this region. One of the most famous dishes is “Halimashi”. This dish is made with wheat and meat. It is served with butter and is usually prepared in winter. Various nationalities live in this area. The customs and traditions of the nationalities are similar. In some villages in Quba and Qusar, the tradition of giving honey to the bride on her wedding day is the most widespread.
As experienced cooks advise, tasty, aromatic and satisfying piti (from the ancient Turkic “pete” – soft, tender), which is able to quickly restore the strength of tired travelers, warriors, artisans, is obtained only in clay pots (in chanakh, kyupya, dopu) … In the old days, this dish was fed to warriors on a military campaign. The piti recipe has long stepped over the borders of the Turkic area. Now its variations are found in the Balkans, Moldova, Georgia and in the Mediterranean countries under the name “vats”.